Supply chain risks in Industry 4.0 environment: review and analysis framework


Prof. Shipra Pandey

Assistant Professor

Pandey, S., Singh, R. K., & Gunasekaran, A. (2021). Supply chain risks in Industry 4.0
environment: review and analysis framework. Production Planning & Control, 1-28.



In Industry 4.0 environment, supply chains have become prone to various risks due to rapid
globalization and process digitalization. The uncertainties and unplanned and unnatural events that
are internal to supply chain networks and external to the environment of a firm pertaining to global
supply chains are regarded as supply chain risks. The objective of this study is to identify and analyze
the various emerging supply chain risks for strategy formulation in Industry 4.0 environment. Based
on a systematic literature review and experts’ opinion, different supply chain risks in the present
business environment have been analyzed. Major identified risks are operational and manufacturing
process risk, behavioural risk, demand risk, governmental and organisational risk, system risk,
financial risk, product recovery risk, social and environmental risk, supply risk, disruption risk, cyber
security, and safety risk. For developing risk mitigation strategies, risk prioritization is very important.
Sufficient research has not been done on ranking and categorization of these risks in the Industry 4.0
environment. Therefore, this study has tried to rank these emerging supply chain risks by the Technique for Order Preferences by Similarity to an Ideal Solution (TOPSIS) approach. These risks are
further categorized as cause and effect using a Decision Making Trial and Evaluation Laboratory
(DEMATEL). This classification of risks will facilitate top management of the organization in
formulating strategies for risk mitigations in the Industry 4.0 environment. The findings of the study
imply that supply chain managers should focus on disruption risk; cyber security and safety risk in the
current Industry 4.0 environment. As supply chain risk management is an emerging research area in
Industry 4.0 environment, the findings of this study will be very useful for industry professionals and
researchers for further studies.

Link to Article: https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/09537287.2021.2005173

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